In this lesson i want to show you How to Create an Empty PyGame Window.
What is Pygame ?
Pygame is cross platform set of Python modules designed for writing video games. it provides functionalities for creating 2D games with graphics, sound and user input. Pygame was designed to make it easier for people to make games using Python and it provides simple and easy to learn API for game development.
Pygame is built on top of the SDL (Simple DirectMedia Layer) library, which provides low level access to audio, keyboard, mouse, joystick and graphics hardware. it means that Pygame games can be run on multiple platforms, including Windows, macOS, Linux and Raspberry Pi, without requiring any modification to the code.
Pygame provides different features for game development, including support for image and sound loading and playback, sprite animation, input handling and game loop management. it also provides set of simple but powerful abstractions for game components, such as sprites and collision detection which make it easier to build games quickly.
Pygame is great choice for game development if you are just starting out or if you need to develop simple 2D games quickly. Its API is easy to learn and it provides a lot of functionality out of the box. whether you are building small arcade game, platformer or puzzle game, Pygame is the best choice for game development in Python.
How to Install Pygame ?
To install Pygame, you will need to have Python and pip (the package installer for Python) installed on your system.
To install Pygame using pip, you can run the following command in your terminal or command prompt:
pip install pygame
It will download and install the latest version of Pygame and its dependencies.
If you are using Python virtual environment you should activate the environment before running above command.
How to Create an Empty PyGame Window ?
For creating an empty PyGame window you need to import
pygame library and initialize its video system using the
pygame.init() function. after that you can create display surface using the
pygame.display.set_mode() function and set the title of the window using the
pygame.display.set_caption() function. and at the end you will need to create game loop to keep the window open until you close it.
This is an example of how to create an empty PyGame window:
# initialize the pygame library
# set the window size
window_size = (800, 600)
# create the window
screen = pygame.display.set_mode(window_size)
# set the title of the window
pygame.display.set_caption("My Empty PyGame Window")
# run the game loop
running = True
for event in pygame.event.get():
if event.type == pygame.QUIT:
running = False
# update the display
# quit pygame
In this example
pygame.init() function is used to initialize the pygame library and
pygame.display.set_mode() function is used to create window with size of
pygame.display.set_caption() function is used to set title of the window to “My Empty PyGame Window”.
The game loop checks for the
QUIT event, which is generated when the user closes the window, and sets the
running variable to
False to exit the loop. The
pygame.display.update() function is called at the end of each iteration of the loop to update the display.
pygame.quit() function is called to quit the pygame library and clean up its resources when the loop is finished.
Run the complete code and this will be the result.
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