In this article we want to talk that How Viable is it to Create Microservices in Python, so first of all let’s talk that What are microservices ?
What are Microservices ?
Microservices are software development approach in which large application is broken down into smaller, independent services that communicate with each other through APIs. each microservice is responsible for specific and well defined function or set of functions and can be developed, deployed and scaled independently.
This approach allows for greater flexibility and scalability, as well as faster development and deployment cycles. it also allows for different teams to work on different services simultaneously, each with their own technology stack.
Microservices are designed to be small, lightweigh and highly decoupled, so they can be easily replaced or updated without affecting the rest of the system. They also typically use lightweight protocols such as HTTP and REST, and can be deployed on cloud-based infrastructure.
Some of the key benefits of microservices include
- Flexibility and scalability
- Faster development and deployment cycles
- Improved fault isolation
- Increased resilience
- Better scalability and performance
Microservices have become increasingly popular in recent years as more companies are moving towards microservices architecture in order to build more flexible, scalable and reliable systems. However it is important to be aware of the challenges that come with this approach. some of the challenges include complexity, testing, monitoring and security.
How Viable is it to Create Microservices in Python
It is definitely viable to create microservices in Python. Python is powerful programming language and it has large and active community that has developed different libraries and frameworks that can be used to create microservices.
most popular framework for creating microservices in Python is Flask, it’s lightweight and easy to use and doesn’t require a lot of boilerplate code. Flask makes it easy to create simple, but powerful web applications and APIs. Flask also has a lot of great libraries and extensions that can be used to add additional functionality such as database integration, authentication, and error handling.
Another popular framework for creating microservices in Python is FastAPI. It is relatively new framework that is gaining popularity due to its speed and flexibility. it is built on top of the Python 3.7+ standard library and it’s designed to be easy to use, intuitive and fast.
Django is also popular framework for creating web applications, it includes powerful ORM and it is widely used in the industry. Django Rest Framework is powerful and flexible toolkit for building Web APIs, it’s also widely used to build microservices in Django.
Additionally, there are many libraries and frameworks for Python that can be used to support specific microservices use cases such as message queues (Celery), service discovery (Consul), and load balancing (HAProxy).
In summary we can say that Python is great language for building microservices, it has large number of libraries and frameworks that can be used to create microservices and also it has large and active community that is constantly developing new tools and libraries to support the development of microservices.
Best Libraries for Python Microservices
There are several frameworks that can be used for building microservices in Python, but some of the most popular ones include:
- Flask: Flask is lightweight framework that is easy to set up and use. It is popular choice for building small to medium sized microservices.
- FastAPI: FastAPI is relatively new framework that has gained popularity in recent years. It is similar to Flask but is faster and more efficient and it makes it great choice for building high performance microservices.
- Pyramid: Pyramid is more robust framework that is good for building large scale microservices. it is built on top of WSGI and is highly customizable.
- Tornado: Tornado is high performance and non blocking web framework that is good for building real time microservices.
- Django: Django is fully featured web framework that can be used for building microservices. It is built on top of Python’s batteries included philosophy and provides lot of functionality out of the box.
Also Learn More on Python
- The 5 Most Important Pros and Cons of using Python for Web Development