Implicit and Explicit Waits in Python Selenium

In this Python Selenium article we want to learn about Implicit and Explicit Waits in Python Selenium, when you are working with browser automation using Python Selenium, it is important to handle delays and synchronization issues that may arise during web page interactions. two common techniques for managing timing in Selenium are implicit and explicit waits. in this article we want to talk about both of them.



To work the examples of this tutorial you need some requirements, first you should have installed Python in your system, then we need to install Python Selenium and you can use pip for that like this.




Note: You can download the drivers from here.





Python Selenium Implicit Waits

Implicit waits tell the Selenium WebDriver to wait for a certain amount of time when trying to find an element or perform an action. if the element is not immediately available, Selenium will wait for the specified time before throwing an exception. This wait is applied globally to all elements.


For setting an implicit wait in Selenium, we need to set the implicitly_wait() method on the driver object like this.

In this example, we set the implicit wait to 10 seconds. If any element is not immediately found when performing actions on the web page, Selenium will wait for up to 10 seconds before raising a NoSuchElementException exception.



Python Selenium Explicit Waits

Explicit waits are more granular and allows us to define specific conditions to wait for before proceeding with further actions. we can specify conditions such as element visibility, element clickability or custom conditions defined by us.


For using an explicit wait in Selenium, we need to import the WebDriverWait and expected_conditions classes like this.

In this example, we have created an instance of WebDriverWait with a timeout of 10 seconds. after that we have used the until() method with the desired expected condition. In here we wait until the search input element with the name q is visible on the page. Once the element is visible, we can proceed with further actions.



This is the complete code for this article




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