Is Python Good for Ethical Hacking ?

Is Python Good for Ethical Hacking ? this is a question that will be in your, so as you know Python is popular programming language for ethical hacking because it is easy to write and understand and has large number of libraries and frameworks that can be used for hacking tasks. some popular Python libraries for hacking include Scapy, Paramiko and Nmap. also many ethical hacking tools such as Metasploit are written in or have Python API. However, it’s important to note that being skilled in programming and ethical hacking are different things and just because one can write a script, it doesn’t make them a hacker.




What are Best Python Libraries for Hacking ?

There are several popular Python libraries that are commonly used in ethical hacking and penetration testing. some of the most well known libraries include:

  1. Scapy: powerful packet manipulation library that allows you to craft, send and capture network packets.
  2. Paramiko: an SSH library for Python that allows you to connect to remote servers and perform different operations.
  3. Nmap: library that allows you to scan networks and gather information about hosts and services.
  4. Metasploit: framework for developing and executing exploit code.
  5. Requests: library for making HTTP requests, which is useful for automating web application testing.
  6. BeautifulSoup: library for parsing and navigating HTML and XML documents, which is useful for web scraping.
  7. Selenium: library for automating web browsers, which is useful for automating web application testing.
  8. Wireshark: library for capturing and analyzing network traffic, which is useful for analyzing network protocols and identifying security issues.


These are some of the libraries that are commonly used in ethical hacking, but there are many other libraries available as well. It is also worth noting that ethical hacking also requires knowledge of operating systems, networking, and programming, so just using these libraries is not enough to be an ethical hacker.



What is Python Scapy ?

Scapy is powerful Python based tool for network analysis and packet manipulation. It can be used for different tasks such as network scanning, packet sniffing, data manipulation and analysis and much more. Scapy can handle numerous protocols such as Ethernet, IP, TCP, UDP and many others. It also includes a number of useful features such as the ability to send and receive packets at the link layer, decoding of different packet types and the ability to build custom packets from scratch. it is widely used in ethical hacking and penetration testing. Scapy can be installed using pip:


It is recommended to use virtual environment before installing any package. you can also install it from source by following the instruction given in the official documentation :



Basic Example of Scapy

This example creates an IP packet with the source address “” and destination address “”. after that it creates an ICMP packet and combines the IP and ICMP packets to create single packet. after that packt is sent using the sr1() function, which sends the packet and waits for single response. the received response is then printed using the summary() method.

This is very simple example and scapy can be used for many other purposes such as packet sniffing, packet crafting, network scanning, etc.



What is Paramiko ?

Paramiko is Python library for SSH2 protocol. it provides both client and server functionality. with Paramiko you can connect to a remote server, execute commands and manage SFTP file transfers. it also provides a way to use the SSH protocol for secure file transfer, tunneling and other secure network services between two untrusted hosts. it is widely used for automating remote operations and for testing the security of networks and servers. for installing Paramiko you can use pip:

This will install the latest version of Paramiko on your system. You can also specify specific version by including it after the package name, like this:

This will install version 2.7.2 of Paramiko.


This is basic example of using Paramiko to connect to a remote server and run command:

This example connects to the server ‘’ using the specified username and password, runs the command ‘ls’ and prints the output of the command.



What is Nmap ?

Nmap (Network Mapper) is free and open source tool for network discovery and security auditing. it uses various techniques to map out network hosts and services, and can also be used to identify vulnerabilities and security issues on network. Nmap can run on different operating systems including Windows, Linux and macOS. It can be used through the command line interface or with a graphical user interface (GUI). Nmap can be used for tasks such as network inventory, managing service upgrade schedules and monitoring host or service uptime. for installing Nmap you can use pip



This is basic example of using the python-nmap library to scan for hosts on a network:


In this example scan method is used to perform ping scan on the IP range ‘’. argument ‘-sn’ tells Nmap to perform a ping scan instead of a full port scan. the all_hosts() method is then used to get list of all the hosts that are up, and the IP addresses are printed to the console.

you can also use the nmap.PortScanner() to perform more advanced scans such as OS detection, port scanning and service detection. the nmap library is powerful and flexible, you can use it to perform various types of scans and extract detailed information about the hosts you are scanning.



What is Metasploit ?

Metasploit is an open source platform for security testing, vulnerability assessment and exploitation of vulnerabilities. it provides comprehensive environment for developing, testing, and executing exploits and payloads, allowing security researchers and ethical hackers to simulate real world attacks and evaluate the security posture of networks and systems. the Metasploit Framework provides modular and extensible architecture and it makes it possible to add new exploits and payloads, as well as to perform different types of reconnaissance, mapping, and penetration testing. Metasploit is not a library that can be installed in Python. It is standalone framework for penetration testing and security assessments, written in Ruby language. you can install Metasploit on Windows, Linux or macOS operating system by following the instructions provided on the Metasploit website.



What is Requests ?

Requests is Python library that makes it easy to send HTTP requests. It abstracts the complexities of making requests behind simple API, allowing you to send HTTP/1.1 requests. Some features include:

  • Connection pooling
  • Keep-Alive
  • Support for all HTTP method types, such as GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, etc.
  • Built-in support for authentication and encryption (SSL/TLS)
  • Automatic decompression of response bodies
  • Support for both synchronous and asynchronous programming
  • Ability to send and receive JSON data easily
  • Ability to work with cookies, sessions, etc.
  • Robust error handling.


To install the Python Requests library, you can use the pip:


You can also install it using conda by running the following command:


This is basic example of making an HTTP GET request using the requests library:

In this example requests.get() sends GET request to the specified URL and the response is stored in the response variable. the status_code attribute of the response indicates the HTTP status code returned by the server, and the content attribute contains the response body.




What is BeautifulSoup ?

BeautifulSoup is Python library that is used for web scraping. It allows developers to parse HTML and XML documents and extract specific elements or data from them. BeautifulSoup provides methods to navigate, search and modify the parse tree of an HTML or XML document and this makes it useful tool for web scraping, data mining and data analysis. it is typically used in combination with other Python libraries such as requests or lxml, to handle low level details of HTTP requests and parsing HTML or XML. you can install the BeautifulSoup library using pip.


You may also need to install the lxml or html5lib parsers by running:


You can use these libraries to parse the HTML or XML files.



This is simple example of using the BeautifulSoup library to parse HTML:

In this example first of all we have imported BeautifulSoup class from the bs4 module. after that we have created new variable html which contains simple HTML document. than we creates an instance of the BeautifulSoup class and pass in the HTML document and the parser we want to use. In this case we are using the built in ‘html.parser’, and finally we use the find() method to search for specific tags and extract the text contained within them.



What is Selenium ?

Selenium is web testing framework that allows you to automate web browsers. It is used for automating web application testing and it supports different types of browsers including Chrome, Firefox, Safari and Internet Explorer. Selenium provides a way to interact with web pages and their elements using programming languages such as Python, Java, C#, Ruby and JavaScript. It is widely used in web scraping, web automation and cross browser testing. for installing Selenium you can use pip .


You may also need to install web driver, like ChromeDriver or GeckoDriver, in order to control web browser through Selenium. you can download the appropriate web driver for your system from the official website and add its path to your system’s PATH environment variable.



This is basic example of using Selenium with Python to automate Google search:


This code will open Firefox browser and navigate to, after that it will enter “selenium python” in the search bar and click the search button and close the browser.

you will need to have the Selenium package installed and also webdriver like geckodriver, chromedriver etc. depending on the browser you want to use.





What is Wireshark ?

Wireshark is free and open source packet analyzer. It is used for network troubleshooting, analysis, software and communications protocol development and education. It captures network packets in real time and displays them in human readable format, allowing users to analyze network traffic and troubleshoot network related issues. It supports different protocols and is available for different platforms including Windows, macOS and Linux. Wireshark is network protocol analyzer and is not a Python library. It is separate application that can be downloaded and installed on your system. to use Wireshark with Python, you can use the Python wrapper for Wireshark called tshark. for installing tshark you can use pip by running the command “pip install tshark” in your command prompt. This will install “tshark” and its dependencies, such as “lxml” and “enum34,” which are required to run “tshark.” You can then use “tshark” in your Python script to interact with Wireshark and analyze network traffic.


Leave a Comment