What is Pygame ?

In this lesson we want to talk that is What is Pygame ?



What is Pygame ?

Pygame is free and open source library for creating games and multimedia applications using Python programming language. it provides functionalities for creating games such as creating and handling images, animations, sound effects and music. it also provides an event based framework for input handling (keyboard, mouse and joystick events) and support for various game related tasks like collisions, game logic and game physics.

it is designed to be simple and easy to use, making it best choice for beginners and hobbyists who want to create 2D games without having to learn complex game development concepts. with Pygame, you can create different type of games, from simple arcade games to more advanced games with wonderful graphics and sound effects.



Key Features of Pygame

These are some key features of Pygame:

  1. Easy to use: It provides simple interface for creating games. it is designed to be beginner friendly and it is great choice for hobbyists and beginners who want to start creating games.
  2. Cross-platform compatibility: It can run on multiple platforms, including Windows, Mac OS X and Linux.
  3. Support for 2D graphics: It provides robust set of tools for creating 2D graphics, including support for images, fonts and basic shapes.
  4. Sound and music: It has built in support for playing sound effects and music in games.
  5. Input handling: it provides an event based framework for handling keyboard, mouse and joystick events, making it easy to implement game controls.
  6. Modular design: It is built using a modular design, allowing you to use only the parts of the library that you need for your game.
  7. Community: it has large and active community of developers, making it easy to find help and resources online.
  8. Extensive documentation: It has comprehensive documentation, including tutorials and examples and it makes it easy to learn and use.



Which Games are Made with Pygame ?

Many games have been created using this library, including:

  1. Alien Invasion – classic space invader style arcade game
  2. Pong – classic two-player ping-pong game
  3. Flappy Bird – simple and addictive arcade game
  4. Tron – classic light cycle game
  5. Snake – classic snake game
  6. Tetris – classic block-based puzzle game
  7. Asteroids – classic arcade game where you pilot a spaceship and destroy asteroids
  8. Platformer – side-scrolling platform game
  9. Breakout – classic brick-breaking arcade game
  10. Pac-Man – classic maze-based arcade game

These games shows the power of this library and demonstrate its ability to create different types of game genres.



How to Install Pygame ?

Installing this library in Linux:

  1. Open the terminal.
  2. Type the following command to install the Pygame library:

  1. Wait for the installation process to complete.
  2. Type the following command to verify the installation:



Installing in Windows:

  1. Download the latest version of this library from the official website (https://www.pygame.org/download.shtml).
  2. Open the command prompt.
  3. Type the following command to install Pygame:

  1. Replace “pygame-1.9.6-cp38-cp38-win_amd64.whl” with the name of the Pygame wheel file you downloaded.
  2. Wait for the installation process to complete.
  3. Type the following command to verify the installation:


Also you can install Pygame in Windows using pip command like this and the pygame will be installed.



Basic Example of Pygame

Here’s a simple example of how to create a window using Pygame:


This code creates a window with a size of 400 x 300 pixels. The game loop checks for the QUIT event, which is generated when the user closes the window, and sets the running flag to False to exit the loop and quit the game. The update function is called to update the screen with any changes made in the game loop.



Run the code and this will be the result.

What is Pygame ?
What is Pygame ?



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