Asynchronous Web Development with Python and aiohttp

In this article we want to talk about Asynchronous Web Development with Python and aiohttp.

Python is a popular programming language that has been widely used for web development for many years. The standard library of Python provides several modules that allow developers to create web applications, but sometimes these tools may not be enough to handle high traffic websites or applications that require real-time data processing.

This is where aiohttp comes into play. aiohttp is an asynchronous web framework for Python that is built on top of the asyncio library, providing an easy and efficient way to handle multiple requests at the same time.

One of the main advantages of aiohttp is that it supports both client and server-side web development. This means that you can use aiohttp to create not only web servers but also to make HTTP requests to other servers. This is especially useful when building applications that require real-time data processing, such as chat applications, games, or real-time monitoring systems.



What is Asynchronous Web Development ?

Asynchronous web development refers to a programming model where the server can handle multiple requests concurrently, without blocking or waiting for any one request to complete before moving on to the next. This allows for efficient handling of many requests at the same time, resulting in improved performance and responsiveness for the end user.

In asynchronous web development, the server can receive multiple requests, process them concurrently, and send back responses to each request without having to wait for previous requests to complete. This is in contrast to synchronous web development, where the server would handle one request at a time and wait for it to complete before moving on to the next.

One of the key benefits of asynchronous web development is that it can help to improve the performance of web applications by allowing for faster response times and more efficient use of resources. Additionally, asynchronous programming can make it easier to build complex web applications by allowing multiple tasks to be executed concurrently, reducing the need for complex threading or locking mechanisms.

There are many different frameworks and libraries available for asynchronous web development, including aiohttp, Tornado, FastAPI, and others. To use asynchronous web development, you need to write your code using asynchronous programming techniques, such as async/await or coroutines. This requires a good understanding of asynchronous programming and the underlying principles, but the rewards can be significant in terms of improved performance and scalability.



How to Install aiohttp ?

Installing aiohttp is simple and can be done with a single command. The recommended way to install aiohttp is through pip, the Python Package Manager. To install aiohttp, simply open your terminal or command prompt and run the following command:


After the installation is complete, you can verify that aiohttp has been successfully installed by running the following command:

This should display information about the installed version of aiohttp, including its version number and location.

Note that aiohttp requires Python 3.5 or later to run. If you have an older version of Python installed, you will need to upgrade to a newer version or install a separate Python environment before you can use aiohttp.



To get started with aiohttp, you will need to install the library and set up a basic web server. Here’s an example of how to do it:


To run the code, follow these steps:

  1. Open your terminal or command prompt.
  2. Navigate to the directory where the code is stored.
  3. Run the following command:

where is the name of the file that contains the code.

After running the code, you should see the message “serving on” in the terminal, indicating that the web server has started and is listening on port 8080.

You can now access the web server by opening your web browser and navigating to http://localhost:8080/{name}, where {name} is the name you want to display. For example, http://localhost:8080/GeeksCoders will display the message “Hello, GeeksCoders”.



This will be the result.

Asynchronous Web Development with Python and aiohttp
Asynchronous Web Development with Python and aiohttp


In this example, we use the web module from aiohttp to create a basic web server. The handle function is a coroutine that will be called every time a request is made to the server. The match_info property of the request object allows us to access the parameters passed in the URL.

With aiohttp, you can also make asynchronous HTTP requests to other servers. Here’s an example of how to do it:

In this example, we use the ClientSession object from aiohttp to create a session for making HTTP requests. The fetch function is a coroutine that makes a GET request to a URL and returns the response text. Finally, the main function is also a coroutine that creates a session and makes a request to the Python website.


Final Thoughts

aiohttp is a powerful and flexible library for asynchronous web development in Python. Whether you need to create a web server or make HTTP requests, aiohttp provides a simple and efficient way to do it. With its support for both client and server-side development, aiohttp is a great choice for any project that requires real-time data processing.



Other Python Options Instead of aiohttp

There are several other options for creating web applications in Python, besides aiohttp. Some of the most popular alternatives include:

  1. Flask: Flask is a micro web framework for Python. It is lightweight, flexible, and easy to use, making it a great choice for small to medium-sized projects.
  2. Django: Django is a full-featured web framework for Python that is designed for large, complex applications. It includes an ORM, templating engine, and many other tools and features that make it a great choice for complex web applications.
  3. Tornado: Tornado is a web framework for Python that is optimized for performance. It is well suited for applications that require handling large amounts of data or many concurrent connections.
  4. Pyramid: Pyramid is a web framework for Python that is designed to be flexible and scalable. It can be used for a wide range of projects, from small, single-page web applications to large, complex web applications.
  5. FastAPI: FastAPI is a relatively new web framework for Python that is designed to be fast and efficient. It uses modern Python features and is built on top of the Starlette framework.

These are just a few of the many options available for building web applications in Python. The best choice for your project will depend on your specific requirements and the size and complexity of your application.





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